This brand uses Japanese-made movements. Antique watches are all "new inventory." Antique straps are replaced by Italian or French leather straps because of the long-term embrittlement. Because of age, there are traces of age, and perfectionism means not buying. All have been arranged for the master to use, there is no problem using it. Attached to a beautiful watch case, it is guaranteed for one week after being sold. Each model sold by the squash confirms that I will have spare parts for future maintenance.